An earthquake is the perceptible shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earth’s crust that creates seismic waves. Earthquakes can be violent enough to toss people around and destroy whole cities.In times of disasters being prepared is a must.
In times like this it is important that each of us are prepared. We never know when an earthquake strikes. These are the things you need to do before, during and after an earthquake.
You can also refer to my infographic for easier discussion.
Before an earthquake, you should secure the things you need in case an earthquake strike, you can just grab a bag and go to the nearest open area.
Prepare your lifeline kit
Always bring your whistle, flashlight and I.D. These are just the basic things you need in your bag in case an earthquake strikes. When you might get stranded in a building you will need these things.
Make a plan
Know your evacuation area. If you are in an area prone in earthquakes or in a mountain baranggay. You shoud always know you way yo the nearest evacuation area in your town or place. Also plan a another route to the evacuation area in case the other roads are blocked.
Before the earthquake, one should research their areas if it is prone to landslide and earthquake to be prepared ahead.
During an earthquake, you may experience a gentle shaking that becomes violent in a second or two and knocks you off your feet, or you may be jarred first by a violent jolt- as though your house was hit by a truck. A second or two later, you feel the shaking and, as in the first example, it may be impossible to move from one room to another.
Stay calm and stay put.
If indoors, DROP to the ground; take COVER by getting under a sturdy table or other piece of furniture; and HOLD ON until the shaking stops. If there isn’t a table or desk near you, cover your face and head with your arms and crouch in an inside corner of the building, under a desk or heavy table, cover your head and neck and hold on until shaking stops.
After an earthquake expect aftershocks. These secondary shockwaves are usually less violent than the main quake but can be strong enough to do additional damage to weakened structures and can occur in the first hours, days, weeks, or even months after the quake.
Be prepared for aftershocks
When the shaking stops, safely go to the designated evacuation area. Be prepared for aftershocks, stay away from damaged weakened structures. Check for injuries and apply necessary first aid.
Listen to the radio for public-safety instructions. Get updates from local authorities for evacuation areas and only use your phone in case of emergency.
When the shaking stops, don’t panic and run. Slowly get up and check you body. Know your safe route if your in a building. Don’y use the elevator and don’t enter damaged buildings.